Viking Culture

RonPaulCirriculum English 7 Week 7



  • The longships were naval vessels, made for warfare, exploration, and trade.
  • They were made of wood with long and narrow planks.
  • The ships were  made for speed, they were usually propelled by oars or wind power.
  • There average speed is 5-10 knots, but they can hit 14 knots under good conditions.
  • Because of the good design they can sail in waters 1 meter deep.
  • On both sides of the ship have the same shape which made it easier to go back without turning the ship around.
  • Oars were also placed along both sides of the boats, but later they added sails to help relieve the rowers and use wind power.
  • Even if the longship is made for warfare, it isn't really a warship it is used to transport soldier from point A to point B.


  • The Knarr was a merchant ship.
  • The Knarr's haul was deeper, shorter, and wider than the longship.
  • They were used to transport ivory, timber, crops, and live stock.
  • These were ships that used wind power instead of oars.


Rune stones

Thousand of these stones were found, and are the primary source of viking history. Because many of their paper documents haven's survived.

Most of these stones had:

  • The purpose of the stone
  • who had erected it
  • Relation of the raiser and the dead.


The vikings started as a pagan culture, they worshiped a pantheon of gods and goddesses.

Three of the most notable gods were Odin, Thor, and Freya, and these three gods are remembered in the days of the week

  • Odin - Wednesday
  • Thor - Thursday
  • Freya - Friday


The vikings used many different weapons in combat. Every viking were required to have a weapon, and most of the vikings usually had Axes.

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