The Vikings

RonPaulCurriculum 7th Grade History Essay

The Viking made 2 types of ship: Longships and Knarrs.

Longships

The longships were naval vessels used for warfare, exploration, and trade. These ships were designed for speed.

Though the ships were for warfare they weren't actually war ships, rather they transported troops to where they needed to go.

Knarr

Knarr was a merchant ship.

It was deeper, shorter, and a wider hull than the longships.

They were primary powered by wind, but also can be propelled by rowers

Culture

The Viking invented their own alphabet, carved in rune stones

The stone usually said

  • The purpose of the stone
  • Who had erected it
  • Relation of the raiser and the deceased

Religion 

The Viking started as a pagan culture.

They worshiped a pantheon of gods and goddesses

The 3 most notable were Odin, Thor, and Freya. From these names come Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday

Weapons

The rich will have a helmet, shield, chainmail, and a sword. While the lest important freeman carry a spear, shield, and sea axe, which is similar to a knife.

Battle axes was the most commonly used weapon in war, which was unusual for other cultures.

Lifestyle

Vikings had blue eyes with either red or blond hair.

They were primarily farmers or raiders, they grew grain and vegetables in the summer, but depending mostly on the livestock such as cattle, pigs, sheep, and goat.

You could also be a metalworker or jeweler.


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