7th Grade English Term Paper

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I will start off with the 5 forms of literature: Novels, novellas, short stories, dramas, poems

Novels are long fiction stories usually written in a chronological order, and written in prose. Prose, "Written or spoken language in its ordinary form, without metrical structure". Some examples are Call of the Wild by Jack London, Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe, and Christmas Carols by Charles Dickens.

Novellas should have fewer conflict than a novel, but much more complicated than a short story. Its usually longer than a short story, but has a simple plot line than a novel.

Short stories are like novels but shorter, and is also written in prose, and you can read all of it in one sitting. They don't have chapters and the story should be simple. 

Dramas are forms of literature presented in the performance arts. There are different types of dramas: tragedy, comedy, romance etc. Famous dramas by William Shakespeare would be: Macbeth, Midsummer Night's Dream, Romeo Juliet, taming of the Shrew etc.

Poetry uses rhythm and prosaic. It's not read as a prose, you need the rhythm to understand it. There are three different types of rhythms:

  • Masculine rhyme: the final syllable is stressed, and the the feminine rhyme is a rhyme between a stressed syllable and an unstressed syllable
  • Slant rhyme: the vowels and consonants are identical in sound
  • Exact rhyme: the same stressed vowels in two different lines. Ex. nursery rhymes.

Then there's genre. A genre is a word for any category of arts, music, or literature. It is an important part of the book. 

The most common genre of books are fiction and non-fiction.

  • Non-fiction is about real events in history and only has facts. Like a biography or an essay about history.
  • While fiction is the total opposite, anything that doesn't have real facts or real events in history is said to be fiction.
  • Historical Fiction are books that are in an actual time period in history, but the books may not point out the famous people in the day.
  • Realistic Fiction books are any type of fiction that has a precise description of the world we live in.
  • Scientific Fiction and Horror books kinda go together. Scientific fiction uses science and technology to visualize a story, while horror uses violence, crime, or fear to create an emotional story. Which makes the book entertaining.

Then theres make belief books.

  • Fantasy books are books with strange setting or characters, or it could be an imaginary kind of book. For example, J.R.R Tolkien's Lord of the Rings is about elves, dwarfs, and hobits or J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter series is about a secret wizarding world that uses wands, spells, and curses.
  • Mythology is also make belief characters. It is usually based in part of historical events, most common mythological stories are about the Roman or Greek gods.
  • Fables/Parables, fables is a narration of a truth, mainly in which animals speak as humans. Sometimes a legendary or supernatural story. One example of fables is the book Aesop's Fables.
  • Allegory is a "literary device in which characters or events in a literary, visual, or musical art form represent or symbolize ideas and concepts" 

Then theres comedy.

  • Comedy is supposed to be humorous, witty, or hilarious, and can be persuaded with laughter, especially in theaters, television, film or a stand-up comedy. It can come in different types, but it should always to be funny.
  • A Satire is supposed to be humorous, but also very witty. Satires can be political, social, or general in content. It should make you laugh then think.

Finally, theres the 5 parts of the work of fiction, plot, setting, character development, theme, and author's style.

The plot, which is about the story you are reading, has 5 parts to itself, exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution. Exposition is the beginning of the book, introducing you to the book and the characters. The rising action, is a small event that takes place and it turns to something big which is the climax. The climax is like the most exciting part of the book. Then comes the falling action which is like the opposite of the rising action, it slows the story down and it comes to an end, which is the resolution.  The resolution is where the story is concluded and the story ends.

Setting is where the story takes place, where either the character travels to places or stays in one place throughout the book. It includes juxtaposition, milieu, customs, visualization, and mood.

  • Juxtaposition - is two different things standing right next to each other and comparing and contrasting
  • Milieu - A person's personal environment. Its the environment that gives the story its twist and turns, it also gives the cultural parts of the story
  • Customs - What people do or are like during a specific time period. Everyone has different customs, especially people who came from a different culture
  • Visualization - Using the setting and sensory details to create a picture in your mind of what is happening in the story. Good authors can make you visualize a picture with words
  • Mood - The atmosphere or feeling the setting creates

Next is Character Development. Character development is pretty important, without it the book would be very boring. The author can introduce the characters in to two ways, either direct or indirect

Direct characterization is where the author goes straight to where he describes the character, ex. brunette, hazel eyes, slim etc. Indirect characterization is where we just observe the character as they react to situations.

There is types of characters including, protagonist, antagonist, primary, secondary, static, and dynamic characters. The protagonist is usually the main character and the good guy. While the antagonist is like the bad guy or the rival of the protagonist. The primary is the main character, they often appear in the book. The secondary characters would interact with the primary, but they do not effect the story. Static characters only have one characteristics and do not develop throughout the book. And finally dynamic characters. Dynamic characters are the opposite of static characters, they change dramatically throughout the book unlike static characters.

Finally there is the author's style. The author's style is a particular way of how the book is written. The author describes the situation, ideas, and also the figurative speech and sentence structure. Every author has an unique style on how they write.

The theme is like the moral or lesson that the author is trying to tell you. If a lot of people read the same book, they would eventually conclude of different themes. Sometimes the theme is not so obvious.

I've learned a lot throughout this course, my favorite book of the year is either "Little Men" by Louisa May Alcott or the Sherlock Holmes series.

Check out the course here.


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